With the advancement of technology, the demand of young people to possess them has increased. Information technology has a multifaceted impact on teaching and learning, with the assertions of radical changes to the teaching process, student rapport, the overall curriculum and learning methodology added.
Learning difficulties more common in children
Learning difficulties is a general term that explains specific learning problems. Learning difficulties often lead to disorders such as: reading, writing, auditory perception, communication, logical thinking, and the application of mathematical operations. Early detection of learning difficulties and timely intervention by parents, teachers or professionals can result in markedly increased self-esteem, school achievement, and the ability to form and maintain social bonds. Adults who work with these students should be introduced to their basic characteristics. According to the data, problems in the reading process are related to poor reading and comprehension skills, difficulty with syntax and grammar, substitution of similar letters or numbers and mixing of their order and difficulty reading titles. Writing difficulties consist of difficulties in writing and organizing thoughts on paper, replacing or forgetting any letters, words or phrases in the writing process, problems with sentence structure and writing organization, frequent spelling errors while writing the text of the same letter in a document. But the results in some specific subjects openly convey that children have a problem in a cognitive field. In mathematics the learner may have difficulty with computation operations, mathematical terms and concepts, number substitution, difficulty with time orientation and problem solving. While in language, the student may have difficulty telling or understanding stories and humor, misunderstanding each other’s speech or lacking clear pictures of what has been said and may respond unethically.
Mental processes endangered by children’s constant contact with technological equipment
It is said that by the time we see television in front of our eyes, 25 images per second pass, and within an hour passed 90 thousand images. As a result we see a brain deformity. The main areas directly affected by the continued use of the Internet, mobile, computer are the cognitive ones. First, cognitive functions are affected. Individuals may have difficulty acquiring new skills, difficulty in following directions, especially complex directions, visual and spatial confusion (for example, changing terms left and right, up and down, under and above, behind and middle) – difficulties with spatial orientation and may be unaware of certain time sequences. Second, memory is an area that is greatly affected. Users may have difficulty remembering information in just one way. According to studies, many young people today find it difficult to almost even remember a phone number. Various studies show that children who
spend long hours on the computer after completing lessons, forget about 70% of what they have learned. Underlining the importance of learning and repeating the lesson at home, it should be noted that the uncontrolled use of the child’s cellphone, television, and computer negatively affects concentration. In terms of organizational capabilities, people may find it difficult to follow the rankings. While they may have difficulty in social skills, they may misinterpret nonverbal signals, exhibit social isolation and often impulsivity as they find it difficult to adapt to new practices and do not understand messages sent through eye contact.
So, social networks and all the technological tools that simplify one’s life and facilitate fast communication with all continents bring negative consequences to the development of the individual and slow down the mental processes to operate successfully. It would be advisable to partially eliminate the total use of children by them.